Association of the profile of individuals with cleft lip/palate with the beginning of orthopedic/ orthodontic treatment

Madiana Magalhães Moreira, Pedro Diniz Rebouças, Maria Lúcia Bonfim Chagas, Luan Cartaxo Félix, Mário Rogério Mota

Abstract


Cleft lip and palate (CLP) is the most frequent congenital malformation among the anomalies of the head and neck. The orthopedic/orthodontic treatment is included in the rehabilitation of these individuals, however there is no consensus in the literature regarding the ideal time for its beginning. Objective: To verify and characterize the profile of individuals with CLP treated at a reference hospital of the northeast of Brazil from 1998 to 2013 and its association with the beginning of the orthopedic/ orthodontic treatment. Material and methods: Through direct observation of medical records, panoramic radiograph, and study
casts of 323 individuals, data regarding sex, cleft type, origin and age of beginning of the orthopedic/orthodontic treatment were surveyed and analyzed using the chi-square test, considering a 5% level of significance. Results: Most of the individuals had transforamen and the unilateral cleft was the most prevalent (p<0.05). Females were statistically more affected by post-foramen cleft
and males by trans-foramen cleft (p<0.05). Most individuals with trans-foramen cleft and post-foramen cleft started the orthopedic/ orthodontic treatment between 8 and 12 years old (p<0.05). No statistically significant differences occurred relating the beginning of the orthopedic/orthodontic treatment with geographic origin and sex of, although most of them have started treatment at late mixed dentition. Conclusion: Regardless of gender, origin, or cleft type, most patients started orthopedic treatment up to 12 years-old, an age considered ideal by most protocols. Unilateral and trans-foramen cleft were the most prevalent cleft types. post-foramen cleft affected more females, while trans-foramen cleft affected more males.



DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21726/rsbo.v1i2.408

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